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Home Page > Business > Small Business > Fisher Transformations and Frequency Distributions With Microsoft Excel

Fisher Transformations and Frequency Distributions With Microsoft Excel

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Posted: Jan 15, 2008 |Comments: 0
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Want to work with fisher transformations or frequency distributions? Microsoft Excel supplies some useful functions, including FISHER, FISHERINV and FREQUENCY.

Fisher Transformations using the FISHER and FISHERINV Functions

The Fisher’s z’ transformation converts Pearson’s r to the normally distributed variable z’.

You use the Fisher’s z’ to compute confidence intervals on Pearson’s correlation and on the difference between correlations.

The FISHER function computes from r to z’. The function has the following syntax:

=FISHER(r)

The FISHERINV function computes from z’ to r. The function has the following syntax:

=FISHERINV(z.)

Frequency Distributions using the FREQUENCY Function

The FREQUENCY function calculates how often values occur within a range of values, and then returns a vertical array of numbers. For example, use FREQUENCY to count the number of test scores that fall within ranges of scores. Because FREQUENCY returns an array, you must enter it as an array formula. The frequency formula uses the following syntax:

=FREQUENCY (data array, bins array)

where data array is an array of values for which you want to count frequencies and bins array is an array of bins (listed in ascending order and as upper limits) into which you want to group the values in the data array.

For example, if you wanted to create a frequency distribution using data array stored in B2:B21, a bins array stored in C2:C6 and you wanted to output your frequency distribution to the worksheet range D2:D6, you would select the range D2:D6, then enter:

=FREQUENCY (B2:B21,C2:C6)

and press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. When Excel constructs the frequency distribution, it counts the number of items with values less than or equal to the upper limit of the each bin.

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Stephen L. Nelson, CPA
About the Author:

About the author: Seattle accountant and author Stephen L. Nelson wrote the MBA’s Guide to Microsoft Excel, from which this short article is adapted. Nelson also writes and edits downloadable do-it-yourself business incorporation kits that entrepreneurs and investors can use for setting up a Incorporating in Pennsylvania or a Incorporating in Texas.

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Business>
Small Businessl
Dec 04, 2007
lViews: 164

Using Microsoft Excel’s Straight-line and Sum-of-the-years Digits Depreciation Functions

Analyzing real estate investments? Making book depreciation calculations? Microsoft Excel can help. Excel’s SLN, or straight-line depreciation, function lets you easily calculate standard straight-line depreciation amounts. And Excel’s SYD, or sum-of-the-years-digits, function lets you easily calculate standard sum of the year’s digits depreciation.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Nov 27, 2007
lViews: 1,698

Using Microsoft Excel’s Double Declining Balance Depreciation Function

Making financial forecasts or performing investment analyses that needs to include double declining balance depreciation? Microsoft Excel can help. Excel’s DDB, or double declining balance, depreciation function lets you calculate 200% declining balance depreciation.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Nov 27, 2007
lViews: 1,207

Using Microsoft Excel’s Declining Balance Depreciation Function

Making financial forecasts or performing investment analyses that need to include depreciation? Microsoft Excel can help. Excel’s DB, or declining balance, depreciation function lets you calculate fixed-declining balance depreciation.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Nov 27, 2007
lViews: 1,383

Online Store – A Mandatory Need of Small Businesses

The start-up cost of online businesses is very low. A very low amount of capital is required to start such business. As compared to physical stores there are no rent costs, no professionals required to sell the products; moreover, no salary and no headaches. This means a very less number of expenses required. This is one of the advantages why online stores are recommended for small business.

By:
Zeeshan Ahmedl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

Advantages Of Delivery Boxes

Have you missed receiving parcels because you were out? Secure parcel delivery containers will enable you to get your couriers on time. They can be very convenient if you like to order items online. The number of people buying goods for parcel delivery online is slated to rise in 2011.

By:
Alice Shownl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

How To Ensure Safe Parcel Delivery

If your parcel is delivered when you are not at home, delivery boxes will secure it in your absence. You will not need to wait for the courier company to come again. If you like ordering items online, safe parcel delivery will give you peace of mind.

By:
Alice Shownl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

Best Ways to Choose Excellent Catering Services

Choosing the right catering services require a little effort. Most of the people have huge plans for special events such as wedding ceremonies, receptions, birthday parties or any other kind of social function.

By:
Vaiv Jaisl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

Improve your Business Standard with GSA Schedule

Get GSA Schedule contracts for wider exposure. Read this article to know how you can make the most use of GSA Advantages.

By:
Steven Brownl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

How to Achive GSA Schedule Contracts

You can grow your business standard with the help of prospective GSA contracts. Read this article to find how the GSA advantages give you the best services.

By:
Steven Brownl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

The Basics of GSA Schedule Contracts

You must have heard about the GSA Schedule but may not be well aware of its legal facts. Read this article to know about the program details and basic criteria a veteran has to meet.

By:
Steven Brownl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

Assortment of Pencil Cases with Attractive Designs and Colors

Pencil case includes boxes, pouches and other cases which are mainly used to store pencils, erasers, sharpeners, colors and other items. It is actually one of the most important items that almost every school child carries to school.

By:
ANAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Feb 17, 2011

Cpa Tips for Simpler Small Business Accounting

Want to keep your small business accounting system running smoothly? One CPA suggests simplifying your bookkeeping by following five, easy-to-understand tips.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Sep 05, 2008
lViews: 367

Using S Corporations for Real Estate Investment

The general rule is, “Never, ever put real estate inside a corporation.” But in a handful of special cases, a corporation, more precisely an S corporation, can be a useful tool for savvy real estate investors.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Sep 05, 2008
lViews: 1,857

A Cpa Explains How to Fire Your Financial Planner

Do you really need to pay a financial planner five, ten or twenty thousand dollars a year to help you with your personal finances? Some CPAs say “no,” as this article explains.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Sep 05, 2008
lViews: 777

Professional’s Guide to Business Incorporation

Are you a professional–a doctor, dentist, engineer or accountant–interested in incorporating your practice? Use these tips for making the process easier and safer.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Sep 05, 2008
lViews: 170

Forming a Professional Limited Liability Company

Small businesses and entrepreneurs often minimize their liability and save taxes by using a limited liability company. Unfortunately, the rules get tricky for professionals (doctors, lawyers and others) who want to take advantage of the LLC option. This article suggests five tips for making the professional LLC setup process clean and error-free

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Sep 05, 2008
lViews: 2,183

A Cpa’s Accounting Tips for New Businesses

Starting a new business? Consider these five, easy-to-use tips to keep your accounting and taxes clean, lean and simple.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Aug 08, 2008
lViews: 498

Picking a Cpa for Your New Business

Need to find a good certified public accountant, or CPA, for your new business? Using these five tips will make your selection easier.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Aug 08, 2008
lViews: 624

Easy Pension Options for Small Business Owners

Looking for an easy yet economical small business pension plan? CPA and former tax professor Stephen L. Nelson says you’ve got at least three easy, economical choices.

By:
Stephen L. Nelson, CPAl

Business>
Small Businessl
Aug 08, 2008
lViews: 138

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About the author: Seattle accountant and author Stephen L. Nelson wrote the MBA’s Guide to Microsoft Excel, from which this short article is adapted. Nelson also writes and edits downloadable do-it-yourself business incorporation kits that entrepreneurs and investors can use for setting up a Incorporating in Pennsylvania or a Incorporating in Texas.

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